Major Facts About Blood Pressure You May Need to Know
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Blood Pressure has been a chronic disease killing thousands and making it hard for those battling with it had to go on with their daily activities.
However, this the article has taken the cause to educate you on all that you need to know about this disease and even how to prevent you from getting it.
Blood pressure: The blood pressure is the pressure of the blood within the arteries. It is produced primarily by the contraction of the heart muscle. Its measurement is recorded by two numbers. The first (systolic pressure) is measured after the heart contracts and is highest.
To further explained the above statement is the measure of the force of blood pushing against blood vessel walls. The heart pumps blood into blood vessels, which carry the blood throughout the body. High blood pressure, also called hypertension, is dangerous because it makes the heart work harder to pump blood out to the body and contributes to the hardening of the arteries, or atherosclerosis, to stroke, kidney disease, and to heart failure.
A normal blood pressure level is less than 120/80 mmHg. No matter your age, you can take steps each day to keep your blood pressure in a healthy range.
Common factors that can lead to high blood pressure include A diet high in salt, fat, and/or cholesterol. Chronic conditions such as kidney and hormone problems, diabetes, and high cholesterol.
High blood pressure (hypertension) can quietly damage your body for years before symptoms develop. Uncontrolled high blood pressure can lead to disability, poor quality of life, or even a fatal heart attack or stroke.
Hypertension is a chronic disease. It can be controlled with medication, but it cannot be cured. Therefore, patients need to continue with the treatment and lifestyle modifications as advised by their doctor and attend regular medical follow up, usually for life. How to prevent and control hypertension?
What foods cause high blood pressure?
- 1. Processed foods such as lunch meats, sausage, bacon, and ham.
- 2. Canned soups, bouillon, dried soup mixes.
- 3. Deli meats.
- 4. Condiments (catsup, soy sauce, salad dressings).
- 5. Frozen and boxed mixes for potatoes, rice, and pasta.
- 6. Snack foods (pretzels, popcorn, peanuts, chips).
What Causes High Blood Pressure?
The exact causes of high blood pressure are not known, but several things may play the role, including:
- 1. Smoking
- 2. Being overweight or obese
- 3. Lack of physical activity
- 4. Too much salt in the diet
- 5. Too much alcohol consumption (more than 1 to 2 drinks per day)
- 6. Stress
- 7. Older age
- 8. Genetics
- 9. Family history of high blood pressure
- 10. Chronic kidney disease
- 11. Adrenal and thyroid disorders
- 12. Sleep apnea
Reasons Why You Shouldn’t Ignore Blood Pressure
High blood pressure is a major cause of heart attack and stroke, but most of us don’t even know the facts. Senior cardiac nurse Julie Ward explains.
1. It’s a silent killer.
If you have high blood pressure, you may not even know about it – that’s why high blood pressure is often called the ‘silent killer’. There are rarely any signs or symptoms, so millions of people with high blood pressure don’t even know they have it.
2. You might not know about it till you have a heart attack or stroke.
The first time you may find out that you have high blood pressure is when you have a stroke or a heart attack. High blood pressure can damage the walls of the arteries, causing coronary artery disease and stroke. It can also damage the heart muscle, leading to heart failure.
It’s estimated that there are up to 5 million people in the UK with undiagnosed high blood pressure
3. Millions of us have it.
More than 14 million adults in the UK have high blood pressure – as many as five million of these are thought to be undiagnosed, as there are rarely any symptoms.
Find out more about how you can measure and manage your blood pressure at home.
4. It’s all about the numbers.
Blood pressure is measured in millimeters of mercury (mmHg). The first (or top) number of your reading is the pressure when your blood pressure is at its highest (when your heart squeezes, called systolic pressure). The second (or bottom) number is the pressure when your blood pressure is at its lowest (when your heart relaxes, called diastolic pressure). Unless your doctor tells you otherwise, you should be aiming for a blood pressure less than 140/90 mmHg (usually spoken as “140 over 90”).